Full name: Keshav Gangadhar Tilak
Date of Birth: 23 July 1856
Place of Birth: Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
Death : 1 August 1920, Mumbai
Nick name : Lokmanya Tilak
biography of bal gangadhar tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak Basic Introduction
Bal Gangadhar Tilak is born in 23 July, 1856. he is a birth of place is Ratnagiri, meharashtra. He is a full name of Keshav Gangadhar Tilak. He is father name of Gangadhar Tilak and mother name of Parvatibai. He is a 6 children name is Ramabai Vaidya, Parvatibai Kelkar, Vishwanath Balwant Tilak, Rambhau Balwant Tilak, Shridhar Balwant Tilak, and Ramabai Sane. Bal Gangadhar Tilak movement is Indian Independence Movement. He is publications book name is The arctic home in the Vedas in since 1903 and Srimad bhagvat gita rahasya in since 1915. He is education in college name is Deccan and Government Law college. He is a Hinduism religious beliefs. He is the memorial of the Tilak wada, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. He is a association of Indian National Congress, Indian Home Rule League and Deccan Educational Society. He is political Ideology of Nationalism and Extremism. He is a death 1 August 1920 in Mumbai.

He was one among the prime architects of recent India and doubtless the strongest advocates of Swaraj or Self Rule for India. His famous declaration “Swaraj is my birthright, and that i shall have it” served as an idea for future revolutionaries during India’s struggle for freedom.  Tilak was an outstanding politician also as a profound scholar who believed that independence is that the foremost necessity for the well being of a nation.

Early Life

Keshav Gangadhar Tilak is birth date on 23 July 1856. His father, Gangadhar Tilak was a faculty teacher and a Sanskrit scholar who died when Tilak was sixteen. In 1871 at the age of 16, a couple of months before his father’s death. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was married to Tapibai and renamed as Satyabhamabai.

After the govt Law College, Bombay (now Mumbai). He received his academic degree in 1879. After finishing his education, he started teaching English and arithmetic at a personal school in Poona. Following a disagreement with the varsity authorities he quit and helped found a faculty in 1880 that laid emphasis on nationalism. Though, he was among India's first generation of youths to receive a up to date , college education, Tilak strongly criticised the tutorial system followed by British in India.
biography of bal gangadhar tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak

According to him, the education wasn't within the least adequate for Indians who remained woefully ignorant about their own origins. Parallel to his teaching activities and Tilak founded two newspapers ‘Kesari’ in Marathi and ‘Mahratta’ in English.

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Amongst one among the primary generation of Indians to receive a university education, Tilak obtained his Bachelor of Arts in first-class in Mathematics from Deccan College of Pune in 1877. He left his MA course of study midway to hitch the LLB course instead, and in 1879 he obtained his LLB degree from Government Law College. After graduating, Tilak started teaching mathematics at a personal school in Pune from which he withdrew later thanks to ideological differences with colleagues and have become a journalist.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s Personal Life
  • Initially worked as a maths teacher. Later started working as a journalist and joined the liberty movement.
  • He was one of the founders of the Fergusson College in Pune.
  • He died in 1920 aged 64.
Political career

Bal Tilak had an extended political career agitating for Indian autonomy from British rule. Before Gandhi, he was the foremost widely known Indian politician . Unlike his fellow Maharashtrian contemporary Gokhale, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was considered a radical Nationalist but a Social conservative. He was imprisoned on variety of occasions that included an extended stint at Mandalay. Indian National Congress: Bal Gangadhar Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in 1890. He was one among the foremost eminent radicals at the time.

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Due to this fundamental difference in outlook, Tilak and his supporters came to be mentioned because the extremist wing of Indian National Congress Party. Bal Tilak’s endeavours were supported by fellow nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal of Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai of Punjab. The trio came to be popularly mentioned because the Lal-Bal-Pal. within the 1907 national session of the Indian National Congress, an enormous trouble broke out between the moderate and extremist sections of the Indian National Congress Party. thanks to this fundamental difference in outlook, Tilak and his supporters came to be referred to as the extremist wing of Indian National Congress Party. The trio came to be popularly mentioned because the Lal-Bal-Pal. within the 1907 national session of the Indian National Congress, a huge trouble broke out between the moderate and extremist sections of the Indian National Congress Party.

Deccan Education Society: Bal Tilak organised the Education Society with a few of  his college friends, including Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi and Vishnushastri Chiplunkar. Their goal was to enhance the standard of education for India's youth. The Deccan Education Society was found out to make a replacement system that taught young Indians nationalist ideas through a stress on Indian culture. The Society established the New English School for education and Fergusson College in 1885 for post-secondary studies. Tilak taught mathematics at Fergusson College.

biography of bal gangadhar tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak is typically called the daddy of the Indian Unrest, given the active role he played within the Indian freedom struggle as a teacher , lawyer, and activist. He took forward the concept of Swarajya, or 'self-rule'. The title 'Lokmanya' was conferred upon him later, and it means 'accepted by the people'. he's often credited for popularising of the Ganesh Chaturthi festival in Maharashtra. In 1881, Tilak founded Kesari, a Marathi newspaper, which became the voice for the liberty struggle. Bal Gangadhar Tilak also ran Maharatta, an English newspaper, and both papers are alive today.

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                The Lokmanya Tilak Museum, located in Kesari Wada, Narayan Peth, was inaugurated in January 1999 by Mrs Sonia Gandhi. The Wada earlier belonged to Sayajirao Gaikwad, and hence it had been referred to as Gaikwad Wada. When Tilak purchased it to start work on Kesari, his first newspaper, it began to be referred to as Kesari Wada. The museum was conceived, and is managed, jointly by The Kesari Maharatta Trust and therefore the Tilak Family. It shares space with the Kesari-Maratha Library, The Lokmanya Sabhagriha (Auditorium), and a few of offices managed by the Trust. On display within the museum are: the first press for Kesari, various events from Tilak’s life, his genealogical table, personal belongings, an early design for the flag of India and an iconic replica of Bal Tilak himself from when he was locked up at the Mandalay Jail. The private memorabilia include important papers, letters, and other artefacts like his clothes, headgear, glasses, and so on.


Tilak wrote many books on Indian culture, history and Hinduism just like the Orion or Researches into the antiquities of the Vedas (1893), Arctic range in the Vedas, Srimad Bhagvat-Gita Rahasya, Shrimadbhagwadgeetarahasya Athava Karmyogshastra and others.


                Bal Gangadhar Tilak was so disappointed by the brutal incident of Jalianwala Bagh massacre that his health started declining. Despite his illness, Tilak issued a call to the Indians to not stop the movement regardless of what happened. He was raring to steer the movement but his health didn't permit. Tilak suffered from diabetes and had become very weak by this point . In mid-July 1920, his condition worsened and on Lammas , he gave up the ghost .

Even as this sad news was spreading, a veritable ocean of individuals surged to his house. Over 2 lakh people gathered at his residence in Bombay to possess the last glimpse of their beloved leader.

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